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Lucas Samaras

Chair Transformation Number 16



Lucas Samaras (1936-)


Chair Transformation Number 16




Painted on plywood


Overall: 30 × 15 1/16 × 28 1/16 in. (76.2 × 38.3 × 71.3 cm)

Credit line

Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; Purchase, with funds from the Howard and Jean Lipman Foundation, Inc.

Accession number


Object Label

This work belongs to a series of twenty-five Chair Transformations (seven of which are owned by the Whitney) that Lucas Samaras created in 1969-1970. Having previously “transformed” other utilitarian conveniences such as eyeglasses, knives, and scissors, Samaras altered his chairs with a perverse, witty assortment of materials including plastic flowers, lengths of colored yarn, wool, tin foil, and plastic wire. Chair No. 16's reductive geometries allude to Minimalism, even as the sharp pyramid in the chair's seat and the disproportionately large circular legs offer a cheeky jab at the emotional austerity of the movement. Samaras has remarked that his Chairs and other Transformation series negate “the possibility of a single Platonic ideal acting as a measure for any physical thing.” Indeed, these chairs defy their intended purpose; most of them are not structurally sound and cannot be sat in. They function instead as poetic surrogates for an absent body, imaginatively—and often humorously—asserting their presence as works of art.