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Jasper Johns

Catenary (Manet-Degas)

1999

Artist

Jasper Johns (1930-)

Title

Catenary (Manet-Degas)

Date

1999

Medium

Graphite pencil, watercolor, acrylic and brush and ink on paper

Dimensions

Sheet: 25 5/16 × 33 1/2 in. (64.3 × 85.1 cm)

Credit line

Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; Gift of The American Contemporary Art Foundation, Inc., Leonard A. Lauder, President

Accession number

2002.281

Object Label

In the drawing Catenary (Manet-Degas), Jasper Johns personalizes the peculiar fate of Édouard Manet’s painting The Execution of Maximilian (1867-68), which had been cut into sections and dispersed, it is believed, after Manet’s death. Edgar Degas later painstakingly recouped four of the fragments and, in 1896, partially rehabilitated the work by gluing the recovered pieces to a larger canvas in positions corresponding to their original placement. The faint rectangular outlines in the main gray section of Johns’s drawing represent the contours of the four sections in Degas’s reconstruction. The curved line running from bottom left to top right depicts a string making a catenary curve—an arc formed by dropping a cord from two fixed points (and frequently used in the design of suspension bridges). The catenary unites the fragments of the composition, metaphorically linking Manet to Degas to Johns in a larger art historical context. This chain is reinforced by the stenciled letters at bottom reading “CATENARYMANETDEGASJ.JOHNS1999.”